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Other TBGI Publications

Publications applying or advancing the TBGI analytical framework

A growing number of researchers in numerous disciplines and fields are engaging with–or at least citing–the TBGI analytical framework to advance research into interactive dimensions of transnational governance, including:

Business ethics:

  • José Carlos Marques, Private Regulatory Fragmentation as Public Policy: Governing Canada’s Mining Industry (2016) Journal of Business Ethics 135: 617-630;
  • Helen Etchanchu, Old Wine in New Bottles? Parentalism, Power, and Its Legitimacy in Business-Society Relations (2018) Journal of Business Ethics: 1-19;
  • Jean-Christophe Graz, Nicole Helmerich, and Cecile Prebandier, Hybrid Production Regimes and Labor Agency in Transnational Private Governance (2019) Journal of Business Ethics: 1-15.

Conservation biology:

  • Jeffrey C Milder et al, An agenda for assessing and improving conservation impacts of sustainability standards in tropical agriculture (2014) Conservation Biology 29:2 309-320;
  • Helena Nery Alves-Pinto, Peter Newton and Luis Fernando Guedes Pinto, Reducing deforestation and enhancing sustainability in commodity supply chains: interactions between governance interventions and cattle certification in Brazil (2015) Tropical Conservation Science 8(4): 1053-1079.

Environmental studies:

  • Paul Foley and Elizabeth Havice, The rise of territorial eco-certifications: New politics of transnational sustainability governance in the fishery sector (2016) Geoforum 69: 24-33;
  • Markos Karavias, Interactions between International Law and Private Fisheries Certification (2018), Transnational Environmental Law 7(1): 165-184;
  • Sophia Carodenuto, Governance of Zero Deforestation Cocoa in West Africa: New Forms of Public-Private Interaction (2019) Environmental Policy and Governance 29(1): 55-66.


  • Ines Gavrilut, Aureliu-Florin Halalisan, Alexandru Giurca and Metodi Sotirov. 2016. The Interaction between FSC Certification and the Implementation of the EU Timber Regulation in Romania. Forests 7(1), Article 3, DOI 10.3390/f7010003.

Industrial relations and labour governance:

  • Amengual, Matthew and Chirot, Laura, Reinforcing the State: Transnational and State Labor Regulation in Indonesia (March 4, 2016). Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Forthcoming; Available at SSRN:;
  • Kevin Kolben. 2015. Dialogic Labor Regulation in the Global Supply Chain. Michigan Journal of International Law 36: 425-465.

International relations:

  • Kenneth W Abbott, Jessica F Green and Robert O Keohane, Organizational Ecology and Institutional Change in Global Governance (2016) International Organization 70(2): 247-277;
  • Anja P. Jakobi, Non-state Actors and Global Crime Governance: Explaining the Variance of Public-private Interaction (2016) British Journal of Politics and International Relations 18(1): 72-89.

International law:

  • Yoshiko Naiki, Trade and Bioenergy: Explaining and Assessing the Regime Complex for Sustainable Bioenergy (2016) Eur J Int Law 27 (1): 129-159.
  • Radu Mares, Securing Human Rights through Risk-Management Methods: Breakthrough or Misalignment? (2019) Leiden Journal of International Law: 1-19.

Law and society:

  • Bronwen Morgan, Upside Down and Inside Out: Regulators and Regulatory Processes in Contemporary Perspective, in Austin Sarat and Patricia Ewick eds The Handbook of Law and Society (Wiley 2015) 150, 157-158.

Policy studies:

  • Graeme Auld and Lars H Gulbrandsen, Diversifying Nature Protection: Evaluating the Changing Tools for Forest Protection in Canada and Norway (2015) Review of Policy Research 32(6): 699-722;
  • Stephan Manning and Juliane Reinecke, A Modular Governance Architecture in the Making: How transnational standard-setters govern sustainability transitions (2016) Research Policy 45: 618-633;
  • Neil Gunningham, Review Essay: Divestment, Nonstate Governance, and Climate Change (2017) Law and Policy 39(4): 309-324;
  • Neil Craik et al, Indigenous-Corporate Private Governance and Legitimacy: Lessons Learned from Impact and Benefit Agreements (2017) Resources Policy 52: 379-388.

Regulatory governance:

  • Alessandra Arcuri, The Transformation of organic regulation: The ambiguous effects of publicization (2015) Regulation & Governance 9: 144-159;
  • Luc Fransen, Thomas Conzelmann, Fragmented or cohesive transnational private regulation of sustainability standards? A comparative study (2015) Regulation & Governance 9: 259-275;
  • Michael W Toffel, Jodi L Short and Melissa Ouellet, Codes in context: How states, markets, and civil society shape adherence to global labor standards (2015) Regulation & Governance 9: 205-223;
  • Oren Perez et al, Governance through Global Networks and Corporate Signaling (2018) Regulation & Governance: 1-23;
  • Phillip Paiement, Jurisgenerative Role of Auditors in Transnational Labor Governance (2019), Regulation & Governance 13(2): 280-298.


  • David D’Hollander and Axel Marx, “Strengthening private certification systems through public regulation: The case of sustainable public procurement” (2014) Sustainability Accounting, Management and Policy Journal 5:1, 2-21;
  • Clara A Brandi, “Sustainability Standards and Sustainable Development—Synergies and Trade-Offs of Transnational Governance” (2016) Sustainable Development, forthcoming DOI: 10.1002/sd.1639.

Transnational politics:

  • Luc Fransen, Jelmer Schalk and Graeme Auld, Work ties beget community? Assessing interactions among transnational private governance organizations in sustainable agriculture (2016) Global Networks 16: 45-67;
  • Gregory Shaffer, Theorizing Transnational Legal Ordering (2016), Annual Review of Law and Social Science 12: 231-253.